Where is Kyrgyzstan?
Location: Kyrgyzstan, in the long-form Kyrgyz Republic, is a country in Central Asia. Extremely mountainous, originally populated by nomadic populations and the former republic of the USSR, later obtained its independence, when it collapsed in 1991. Its inhabitants are called Kyrgyz, the language of Turkic origin.
Etymology: “Kyrgyz” is believed to have been derived from the forty clans of Manas, a legendary hero who united forty regional clans to be strong against the enemies.
Where is Kyrgyzstan?
Location: Post-Soviet republic situated in Central Asia stretches about 900 km from east to west and 410 km from north to south, and is situated between 39°N and 43°N degrees altitude. The total area is almost 200 thousand sq. kilometers. Bounded on the north by Kazakhstan, east and south-east by China, on the south by Tajikistan and on the west by Uzbekistan.
Capital: Bishkek is the political, economic, and administrative center of Kyrgyzstan, as well as being a place of historical and cultural significance. The city is home to many government offices, diplomatic missions, and representatives of international organizations. Bishkek was founded in 1878 and has been the capital since 1926. Alongside government ministries and embassies are many parks and cafes, as well as museums and shopping centers. Approximately a million inhabitants are in the capital.
Population: 6 million. The majority are Kyrgyz ( 72.6 % ), Uzbeks ( 14.4 % ), Russians ( 6.4 % ), Kazakhs, Koreans, Chinese, and other ethnic groups
Language: The national language is Kyrgyz, though Russian has also been recognized as an official language. Kyrgyz is a Turkic language and is most closely related to Kazakh and Karakalpak, and more distantly related to other Turkic languages, like Turkish, Uzbek, Turkmen, and Uighur. Uzbek is prevalent in the southern part of the country. Kyrgyz is written with a modified Cyrillic alphabet. Many people in Kyrgyzstan are bilingual or multilingual Students have the option of going to Russian, Kyrgyz, or Uzbek schools.
Territory: 198.500 miles km2. 95 % of the territory is the mountains, dominated by the massive Tien- Shan, and Pamir. The highest peaks rise above 7000m. Two large and imposing mountain ranges – the Tian Shan and Pamir mountains – dominate Kyrgyzstan’s landscape and are an inextricable part of its culture. Known as the Land of Celestial Mountains, the country is home to some of the world’s highest peaks outside Himalaya. Anciently on the famous Silk Road that connected China to the Mediterranean, Kyrgyzstan’s rich history is still a part of its present.
Religion: Kyrgyzstan is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country. Islam is the main religion, about 82,6% of people are Muslims. Muslims are generally of the Sunni branch. The other 16% are believers of Christians, Russians traditionally profess Orthodoxy, other Catholics, Lutherans, Buddhism, and Judaism also have the presence in the country.
Form of Government: Kyrgyzstan is a unitary parliamentary republic. Kyrgyzstan’s parliament is called Jogorku Kenesh, and the chief of state is the president, while the prime minister is the head of the government.
Provinces and Districts: Kyrgyzstan consists of seven provinces and two independent cities with the same status as provinces. The provinces are Batken, Osh, Jalal-Abad, Naryn, Issyk Kul, Chuy, and Talas, and the two cities are Bishkek and Osh.
Symbols of the country: Flag: The red background of the flag symbolize the bravery and valiance, 40 rays of the flag means the unite of 40 Kyrgyz tribes against the Mongols by the epic hero Manas, also the flag shows the symbol “Tyndyk” – wooden top of the yurt, which represents our motherland, nomadic heritage, peace, and harmony.
National emblem: The foreground in the lower part of the bird “ Ak- Shumkar” symbolize the freedom of the country, also it is depicted by the main sights of Kyrgyzstan as the pearl of the country – Issyk-Kul lake surrounded by high rocky ridges of Ala-too. The peaks of the mountains illuminated by the sun, look like white Kalpak of Kyrgyz people. The central plot has a decorative frame in the form of a ribbon strip, which gives the necessary information: in the upper part there is the word “Kyrgyz”, in the lower part – “Respubliki”. The sides of the frame contain decor consisting of ornamental motifs, stylized open cotton bolls, ears of wheat – the main cultivated crops on Kyrgyz soil.
What’s the weather like?
Weather: The landlocked climate means that summers can be quite hot, averaging around 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) in the cities, making swimming and mountain escape necessary, while winter brings snow and cooler temperatures (averaging around freezing), perfect for skiing and other winter sports.
Getting here: Bishkek’s Manas International Airport is the most popular entry point to the country.
Country Code: +996
Best time to visit:
July to September is the best time to visit if you are planning on going on a trek or have a specific mountaineering goal in mind. The winter months (February to March) are great for ski touring in Kyrgyzstan.